In college, I studied economics. Not one course provided education on saving for retirement. Furthermore, while I read a considerable amount for both business and pleasure, infrequently do I find much written about retirement plans. So, how and where do we learn about such matters? Unfortunately, empirical research is not always shared.
For those of us too young to have experienced long-term job security and pension plans, the onus of retirement planning falls squarely on ourselves. According to the Bureau of Labor and Statistics, from 1980 through 2008, the proportion of private wage and salary workers participating in pension plans fell from 38 to 20 percent.
Conversely, the amount of persons that participate in plans such as 401(k)s where employers subsidized investment accounts that are owned by the employee have been increasing.
Are you wondering why this difference in methodology has occurred? Traditional pensions are tied to employers who, consequently, bear the responsibility for ensuring that employees receive pension benefits for retirement. Employers like IBM, GM and Ford claim they can’t compete with foreign and domestic rivals that aren’t burdened by similar retirement-benefit costs. With the volatility in stock prices and low interest rates, which boost pension costs, many companies that once offered such benefits have abandoned traditional pensions.
Such changes have led to widespread concern about the adequacy of households’ retirement savings plans. With declining retirement benefits and longer life expectancies, working beyond 65 years of age is both more necessary and more possible. The relationship between an individual’s survival expectations and their planned retirement age is ambiguous and thus the retirement landscape is shifting dramatically. Today, the responsibility for a comfortable retirement rests mostly on the individual. Therefore, individuals’ approach to retirement must be altered along with their perceptions about their ability, willingness and need to work at older ages.
In economics, there is a concept called the life-cycle hypothesis. The evolution of this concept has come to include the life-cycle model of savings behavior. This model of savings behavior explains how households should time their savings in order to smooth consumption during their lifetime. The objective of this model is to help explain and educate how households would save more when income is high and less when income is low. For those of us with children living at home, our consumption is most likely rather high and therefore our ability to save is mitigated. Food, clothing, camps and sporting activities all cost money, and so households often spend more during this period.
Alternatively, once the children leave home, parents typically reduce total household costs. However, too often they increase their spending on themselves. The long awaited trips, boats and toys are now accessible. Studies show that in excess of 51 percent of people choose to use their freed up expenses rather than lay a foundation for their future. Here’s the punch — how do we educate ourselves how to save and educate ourselves for what expenses that lay ahead?
If you are one of the many people concerned about the adequacy of your households’ retirement savings, then you are not alone! So, if you don’t already know what a Keogh plan is, or a self-funded 401(k), Roth, or long-term care insurance is, you may want to participate in a symposium that will be held later this summer.
Regardless of the fact that many of us living in the valley may have various levels of income and different ideas of how we would like to spend our retirement, we all may very well share the common desire to make sure that our basic needs are met in our future.
The symposium to be held later this summer will include education about financial planning, health care and long-term care insurance. How you save can be as important as how much you save. The amount you save is incidental to establishing and initiating a plan to save.
If you feel that you don’t have enough net worth to justify meeting with a financial planner and have little idea as to what steps can be taken to establish a plan, then this free education will be imperative.
Space for the event is going to be limited. Please log onto www.wshc.net to RSVP.