Base-closing commission tackles Air National Guard restructuring
WASHINGTON – In two setbacks for the Pentagon, the base-closing commission crafted its own shake-up of the Air National Guard on Friday after voting to keep open Ellsworth Air Force Base in South Dakota.The nine-member panel endorsed the concept of restructuring the Air Guard but did not accept Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld’s proposal.Instead, commissioners shuffled personnel and aircraft around dozens of units – both large and small – in states from coast to coast as they saw fit. They said they believed their Air Guard plan ensured homeland security was not compromised.”In parts, we concur with their recommendations. In other areas, we’re making some changes,” Chairman Anthony Principi said.Rumsfeld’s plan had called for nearly 30 Air Guard units scattered around many states to lose their aircraft and flying missions, prompting howls of protests from governors and a few lawsuits.Instead, the panel restored planes to some units, and in doing so, kept open some Air Guard and Reserve bases that would have closed under the Pentagon plan.Commissioners long have voiced concerns about the homeland security impact of the Pentagon’s proposal. Weeks ago, the panel asked that an alternative plan be crafted jointly by the Air Force, the National Guard and state adjutants general who oversee Air Guard units on behalf of state governors.When that effort failed, commissioners said they had no choice but to come up with their own plan, which they said distributes aircraft around the country more evenly to ensure homeland security is not hampered.”We have established more flying units then the secretary recommended but we still could not get a flying unit in every state,” Commissioner Harold Gehman said. However, the commissioners pointed out that not all states have Air Guard units, and, therefore, wouldn’t need airplanes.The panel worked well into the evening Friday as members concluded the high-stakes decisions in the first round of U.S. military base closings and consolidations in a decade. Votes by the commission over three days of hearings brought sighs of relief and exasperation from communities across America. The commission adjourned until Saturday, when it simply planned to make closing statements.By Sept. 8, the panel must send its final report to President Bush, who can accept it, reject it or send it back for revisions. Congress also will have a chance to veto the plan in its entirety, but it has not taken that step in four previous rounds of base closings. If ultimately approved, the changes would occur over the next six years.Air Force officials said their overall plan – affecting active duty, Air Guard and Air Reserve bases – was designed to make the service more effective by consolidating weapons systems and personnel as it moves to a smaller but smarter fleet in the future.Under the Pentagon’s Air Guard plan, units without aircraft would have received other assignments such as expeditionary combat support roles. They also would have retained their missions of aiding governors during statewide emergencies.The commission began work on the Air Guard plan just as a federal judge in Pennsylvania ruled that the Pentagon lacks the authority to close an Air Guard unit located at the Naval Air Station Willow Grove in Pennsylvania without Gov. Ed Rendell’s approval. The judge declared the plan for that unit “null and void.”Aware of the ruling, the commission labored on anyway – and twice voted on the fate of the Naval Air Station Willow Grove. Ultimately, the panel decided to close the base, but keep intact the Air Guard unit that was subject to the lawsuit and create an Army Guard and Reserve center. However, that unit would exist without aircraft.Commissioners denied the lawsuit affected their ruling.In May, the Pentagon proposed closing or consolidating a record 62 major military bases and 775 smaller installations to save $48.8 billion over 20 years, make the services more efficient and reposition the armed forces. The Air Guard proposal emerged quickly as the most contentious issue.The decision to spare Ellsworth Air Force Base was a blessing for South Dakotans, who feared losing some 4,000 jobs, and a victory for Sen. John Thune and the state’s other politicians, who lobbied vigorously against closure. Thune, a freshman Republican, unseated then-Senate Minority Leader Tom Daschle partly on the strength of his claim that he would be better positioned to help save the base.”This fight was not about me,” Thune said just after the vote. “This whole decision was about the merits. It had nothing to do with the politics.”Famous for its Cold War-era arsenal of missiles and nuclear bombers aimed toward the Soviet Union, Ellsworth is home to half the nation’s fleet of B1-B bombers and provides some 4,000 jobs for South Dakota. The Pentagon had wanted to move all the bombers to their other location, Dyess Air Force Base in Texas.The commission found that closing Ellsworth wouldn’t save any money over 20 years and actually would cost nearly $20 million to move the planes to the Texas base. The Pentagon had projected saving $1.8 billion over two decades.The panel worried that putting all the B1-B bombers at one base would hurt force readiness. Commissioners noted that Ellsworth, located on prairie, had plenty of “unfettered airspace.”South Dakota politicians praised the panel for acting as an independent check on the Pentagon.”They made some tough decisions. Today, they listened to the whole story,” Republican Gov. Michael Rounds said. Added Sen. Tim Johnson, D-S.D., “This is a great decision for America’s national security.”Rejecting another Pentagon proposal, the panel also decided to keep open Cannon Air Force Base in New Mexico. However, the base would lose all of its aircraft and face the possibility of closure in 2010. By that date, the panel said the Pentagon must find other missions for the facility or Cannon will shut down.The vote was a compromise among commissioners who struggled to balance national security interests with fear that closing the base entirely would devastate the economy around tiny Clovis, N.M. Some commissioners said the fate of Cannon was the most difficult decision to make so far.Gov. Bill Richardson, D-N.M., portrayed the outcome as a “partial victory.”The panel found that closing the base, home to four F-16 fighter squadrons, would put at least a 20 percent dent in the local economy, costing almost 5,000 jobs on the base and in the community near the New Mexico-Texas line.Several commissioners said those stark numbers had persuaded them to keep the base open. Others advocated closure, saying the Air Force must be able to reshape itself to face future threats.—On the Net:Pentagon’s base closing plan: http://www.defenselink.mil/brac/Base closing commission: http://www.brac.gov
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