Big Hat Ranch raises alpacas and awareness about ranching |

Big Hat Ranch raises alpacas and awareness about ranching

Eagle County Ranch Tour

Up to 100 people will be able to travel to three Eagle County ranches by bus, where ranching families and managers will be able to tell their story and discuss and show members of the public the some of the operations of their ranch.

Seating is limited. Contact the Eagle Valley Land Trust, 970-748-7654, or go to

EAGLE COUNTY — You may not know R.B. and Cass Galloway, but you probably know Old Dog and Cass.

They’ve been around a long time, and these days they run the Big Hat Ranch in McCoy.

They own and operate the ranch, but not as in “big hat, no cattle.” They never raised cattle. Now they raise alpacas.

They used to raise elk, which explains the 8-foot fences and also why Cass can climb over an 8-foot fence. You think llamas are cranky? Try elk.

“It’s a fully sustainable operation. We see them from the time they’re born.”Cass GallowayCo-owner of Big Hat Ranch

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“I got really good at climbing those 8-foot fences in a big hurry,” Cass said.

The alpaca (Vicugna pacos) is a domesticated species of the South American camelid.

While they’re centered in the high Andes, these days, the oldest alpaca remains are from fossil beds in Nebraska and are on display in the Smithsonian.

Like most members of their family, alpacas spit, but mostly at other alpacas.

“They will spit at you if you deserve it,” Cass said.

They also hum when they’re feeling good about life, which is most of the time because life is pretty good if you’re an alpaca.

Since they’re pretty even tempered, alpacas tend to hum much more than spit.

They’re smaller than llamas, and while you can get an alpaca pack, they’re not generally beasts of burden. Also, llamas are hairy and cranky.

Fiber first

Alpacas are raised for their fiber — not their meat. That fiber is used for making knitted and woven items, like you might make with wool, only softer.

Cass and Old Dog run a true farm-to-market operation. Their alpaca fiber is woven into all kinds of things and then sold in their store in Eagle. The socks are like walking on angels’ wings.

They even bag up the alpaca poo and sell it as fertilizer, and it’s great.

Alpacas are such herd animals that they even poo in communal piles, which makes it easier to step around, instead of in.

It also helps eliminate parasites that could kill the average alpaca.

“It’s a fully sustainable operation,” Cass said. “We see them from the time they’re born.”

Rock Creek runs through their ranch. It starts in the mountains above the ranch and if you watch the storms gather you can tell when Rock Creek will start rocking.

Name that alpaca

Alpacas are pretty bright and very curious, Cass said.

Not only are the alpacas pretty darned adorable, they all have names.

Stevie Nicks is Poets and Landslide’s mama. Moon Unit Zappa is going her own way. So is Fleetwood Max.

You get the idea.

Alpacas are sheared once a year — about this time of year — because once a year is enough.

You might see some inane hate piece from PETA, decrying alpaca shearing.

“It’s nonsense,” Cass said. “The cruel thing would be to let them suffer through the summer heat with that coat on.”

Cass has been entering her alpaca fiber in shows since 2004, successfully competing against farms with 2,000 animals. They have a couple hundred, on their big days.


Because people don’t seem to know where food and clothing begin, Cass and Old Dog give ranch tours. School children are regulars. So are senior groups. They spend half the days with the alpacas, and the other half in fossil beds looking for prehistoric treasures.

Alpaca farming is an agri-business, and it has to be treated as one. Cass said. She loves her alpacas, but sometimes you have to refresh your stock.

“People don’t want to cull their herds, and it becomes a problem as they age,” she said.

You can run four or five alpacas an acre.

It doesn’t cost much to break into the business, but can be pricey to stay in it.

You can pick up a male gelding for about $50. Males can weigh about 180 pounds.

However, a breeding female will set you back between $5,000 and $25,000.

Part of the family

When Cass and Old Dog bought the Flogus ranch 20 years ago, they had to interview.

“They were such great stewards of this land,” Cass said.

Cass and Old Dog had the money, but the Flogus family wanted to be sure they had the right attitude. They even had to interview with the neighbors.

Not long after they bought the ranch, they also bought the McCoy school, upgrading the building and turning it into a community center.

Cass and Old Dog also own a historic hotel in Minturn and the Red Cliff Community Church.

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