Book review: ‘Ghost Soldiers: The Epic Account of World War II’s Greatest Rescue Mission,’ by Hampton Sides
Special to the Daily
World War II’s massive and destructive Pacific war needs no introduction: Millions of families lost beloved soldiers on those distant shores. The Pacific theater covered thousands of miles, encompassing islands large and small, famous and forgotten, from Midway to Iwo Jima and Wake Island, and mainland battlefields such as China and Burma.
A devastatingly large number of prisoners of war suffered. In one corner of the war’s deadly chessboard, deep in the jungles of the Philippines, hundreds of Allied soldiers languished in prison camps, believing they had been forgotten by their commanders and units back home. For the men of Camp O’Donnell, though, that could not have been further from the truth, as author Hampton Sides reveals in his book, “Ghost Soldiers: The Epic Account of World War II’s Greatest Rescue Mission.”
SUFFERING AT CAMP O’DONNELL
The soldiers in Camp O’Donnell suffered more than most, many of them survivors of the infamous Bataan Death March, which was the attempt by the Japanese to quickly relocate thousands of Allied prisoners from a recently-captured Filipino city. The Japanese underestimated the number of prisoners, resulting in terrible conditions and inadequate food and water for the men marched 75 miles in punishing heat. Many of the men were ill, malnourished and wounded when the march commenced, which meant countless graves were dug along the route.
For those who survived the march, conditions at the prison camp were atrocious. Morale was low, and there was a sense that they had been left behind to die. What the men in the camp did not know is that an American guerrilla leader had informed the military authorities of the camp’s existence and the extreme suffering the men inside were experiencing. In spite of the existence of Japanese prison camps all across the Pacific theater, Camp O’Donnell became a high priority, and a daring, seemingly impossible and top-secret rescue mission was launched.
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Sides’ book is an in-depth and riveting account of that rescue. Planning was key, since the majority of the approach took place in exposed enemy territory. The author pulls details of the hours leading up to the raid from accounts from both inside and outside the camp, making for a gripping read.
The newly formed elite Army Rangers were a carefully selected and trained team. The Rangers and their Filipino supporters knew that their chances of success were slim and the risk to their own lives was significant. This select group of fighters needed to maintain the element of surprise until the latest possible moment, and detailed reconnaissance from their Filipino guerrilla comrades was a vital component for success.
In thrilling detail, Sides tells of the multiple needles the Rangers had to thread to sneak — often crawling on their bellies — to the perimeter of Camp O’Donnell and to strategic points along the roads where they anticipated a Japanese response once the raid commenced. Vastly outnumbered, the team knew they were facing a potential Thermopylae-style encounter with the enemy. But motivation was high, and the men were willing to risk their lives to save their comrades, whom the Allies feared were facing a quickly approaching potential date of execution by the Japanese, the kill order being a tactic in other regions in the Pacific theater as troops retreated from a battlefield.
Written with respect and heart, “Ghost Soldiers” is a remarkable tribute to the men who saved the lives of those soldiers who had felt their sacrifices in the war had gone unnoticed. Sides’ book reminds the reader that in a war filled with countless battles and few happy endings, there were times when the focus shifted from the big picture to the more intimate, personal stories. The miraculous raid on Camp O’Donnell was just such a moment.