Deeper dangers of Colorado’s slopes |

Deeper dangers of Colorado’s slopes

Matt StenslandSteamboat Pilot & TodayVail, CO Colorado
Graphic by Steamboat Pilot & Today

STEAMBOAT SPRINGS, Colorado Snowboarder Dan Tullos knows firsthand how too much powder can quickly create a deadly situation.About this time last year, Tullos was cruising down the Priest Creek lift line on a powder day at the Steamboat Ski Area when he dropped 15 or 20 feet off a rock, into a gully, carrying way too much speed.I knew I was kind of (in trouble), so I tried to jump over it … and pretty much just ended up falling backwards into it, Tullos, 25, said Wednesday.

He found himself buried under about 2 feet of snow.My hands were out, my snowboard was out, but that was about it, Tullos said.He was unable to move but could see occasional glimmers of sunlight though his goggles, meaning the surface was close.Being that close, instinct kicks in and you just try to gasp for air because you know its right there, but I couldnt quite get to it, Tullos said. Its basically like drowning. Even if you are close to the surface, the snow is so powdery here, it just falls right down in on you, and you cant unbury yourself.Tullos was riding with friends, and they had seen the poof of snow from his fall. After five minutes, Tullos said he began to lose consciousness but could hear the sound of footsteps above.I was actually buried enough that they couldnt unbury me, he said. They ended up having to grab my snowboard the two of them and pull me out from underneath.

Deep snow and tree skiing is what brings people like Tullos to Steamboat Springs. But the death Jan. 15 of Mark Joseph Stout, a 45-year-old Pennsylvania man, serves as a powerful reminder that there are hidden dangers in the mountains especially when 3 feet of snow falls in a single weekend.Stout, who was in the wholesale produce business, was skiing with his 15-year-old daughter and friends when he fell behind the group at about 11:30 a.m. on the intermediate Cowboy Coffee run in Morningside Park at the Steamboat Ski Area.Ski patrollers found Stout at about 1 p.m. and administered CPR. He was pronounced dead 25 minutes later.Routt County Coroner Rob Ryg is investigating the death. He said it appears Stout fell headfirst into a tree well, which is the hole or depression that forms around the base of a tree when low branches prevent snow from filling in and creating snowpack around the trunk.Ryg said there was no apparent trauma to Stouts body, and no indication his head hit the tree. Ryg said suffocation or a heart attack may be the cause of Stouts death. Stout was in good health, he added.Skiing and snowboarding deaths caused by snow suffocation are referred to as Non-avalanche Related Snow Immersion Death. According to research conducted by Northwest Avalanche Institute Director Paul Baugher, these types of death account for 15 percent of all snowboarding fatalities and 5 percent of skier fatalities. During the 2005-06 season, four of the 10 snowboarding fatalities at U.S. ski resorts fell under this category. Stouts autopsy is scheduled for Friday in Jefferson County. His death could be Steamboats third such death since 2000.On Feb. 20, 2005, Thomas Dolven, 46, of Denver died after falling headfirst into deep snow near the bottom of Chute 2 on the upper mountain. On Dec. 16, 2000, Matthew Westley, 23, of Steamboat suffocated after falling headfirst into deep snow off the Frying Pan trail in the Morningside Park area.

The dangers associated with tree wells are often overlooked or not understood by skiers and riders, said Baugher, who began researching non-avalanche deaths in 2005 after two fatalities at Crystal Mountain Resort in Washington. Baugher is the ski patrol director at Crystal Mountain.It is a significant risk skiing in a Western resort that has deep snow and/or timber, Baugher said. It is currently an underappreciated risk, but that is changing rapidly right now.In March 2007, Baugher said he gave a talk about tree wells and deep snow safety at a ski industry conference at Steamboat Ski Area. During his visit, he had a chance to ski at the resort.I looked around and said, This is NARSID country, said Baugher, using the acronyms for these types of deaths. He said he took notice of the deep snow and dense coniferous landscape here. It did leave an impression on me when I was out there last spring.Baugher has developed a Web site,, to help educate everyone from ski area executives to consumers about the dangers of deep snow and tree wells.Its part of the inherent risk of skiing, Baugher said.The odds of surviving falling into deep snow are low, Baugher said, especially when skiing alone.The good news is the risk is manageable, Baugher said. Appreciate what that risk is and manage it.Advice includes keeping your ski partner in sight at all times.

Learn more about tree wells, hazardous snow conditions and safety techniques at:

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