Shiites push for ‘yes’ vote on Iraqi constitution; suicide bombers kill
September 24, 2005
BAGHDAD, Iraq – The leader of Iraq’s largest Shiite political organization joined the country’s most revered and powerful Shiite cleric Saturday in a strong public push for voter support of a new constitution, three weeks ahead of a national referendum.Also, suicide car bombers killed five Iraqis in and near the capital, and the U.S. military said a soldier died in a roadside bombing Friday night in southeast Baghdad. The death raised to 1,913 the number of U.S. service members who have died in Iraq since the war started in March 2003, according to an Associated Press count.In Basra, the country’s southern oil hub and headquarters for Britain’s 8,500-strong force, an Iraqi judge said he renewed homicide arrest warrants for two undercover British soldiers who allegedly killed an Iraqi policeman trying to detain them.The Britons were rescued from jail early this week by British troops using armor to crash through the prison walls. In a sign of continuing tensions and Iraqi fury over the British operation, Katyusha rockets were fired at U.S. and British facilities in the city Saturday, causing no casualties.The major political development surrounded Abdel-Aziz al-Hakim, the head of the Shiite Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq. His appeal to voters added a key voice of support two days after Shiite Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani also directed followers to back the charter.”It is our religious duty to say ‘yes’ to the constitution and to go to the ballot boxes,” al-Hakim told more than 2,000 supporters gathered in Baghdad to mark a 1991 Shiite uprising brutally crushed by Saddam Hussein.Al-Hakim said militants and former regime supporters were trying to undermine Iraqis’ hopes for security – but they would fail. His SCIRI organization has strong ties to Shiite Iran and controls a powerful bloc in parliament. Al-Hakim took refuge in Iran during Saddam’s rule.Al-Sistani, meeting with aides Thursday in the holy city of Najaf, was the first major Shiite religious figure to urge voters to back the new basic law, according to two top officials in his entourage. The reclusive cleric issues statements only through his office and makes no public appearances.In January, millions of Shiites heeded al-Sistani’s call to vote in Iraq’s first democratic elections in nearly half a century. The ballot gave the Muslim sect a majority in the new parliament and government.Shiite solidarity is essential if the constitution is to pass in the Oct. 15 vote. If two-thirds of voters in any three of Iraq’s 18 provinces reject the document, a new government must be formed and the process of writing the constitution started over.Minority Sunni Arabs are dominant in four provinces and could defeat the new charter should they vote “no” as a bloc in three of them. On Saturday, Sunni clerics and tribal leaders expressed optimism they could do just that while gathered at a meeting organized to scuttle the charter.The three-day meeting, held in Amman, Jordan, for security reasons, ended with a communique urging a ‘no’ vote “if the constitution’s main points on Iraq’s unity and Arab identity are not rectified, as well as articles related to political and racial segregation.”Meeting organizer and prominent cleric Sheik Abdul-Latif Himayem told The Associated Press he expected at least 51 percent of Iraq’s electorate to vote “no” in the referendum.Sunnis have sharply opposed the draft constitution, largely because it would give Shiites in the south the right to form a mini-state that Sunnis fear will deprive them of oil wealth and ultimately lead to Iraq’s fragmentation.Meanwhile, seething anger resurfaced in Basra when Katyusha rockets were fired at the U.S. and British consulates but fell harmlessly in a nearby field, police Capt. Mushtaq Khazim said.Three more rockets were fired at the Shat al-Arab Hotel, headquarters of the British army, he said. One rocket hit the building without causing casualties. The two others hit nearby homes, wounding a resident, Khazim said.Also, Judge Raghib al-Mudhafar, chief of the Basra Anti-Terrorism Court, said Saturday he reissued homicide arrest warrants for the two soldiers, rekindling hard feelings despite attempts by Iraqi and British officials to cool tempers.The British government said the warrants had not been delivered and, regardless, were not legal.”Iraqi law is very clear: British personnel are immune from the Iraqi legal process. They remain subject to British law. Even if such a warrant was issued, it would therefore be of no legal effect,” Defense Secretary John Reid said.West of Baghdad, U.S. forces kept up pressure on insurgents near their Ramadi stronghold. Al-Sharqiyah television said the Americans operating in Hit detained more than 40 men who served in Saddam’s armed forces in ranks ranging from major to brigadier general. The U.S. military did not report the arrests. Ramadi is 70 miles west of Baghdad, and Hit is another 15 miles west.Ramadi police Lt. Yarub al-Duleimi said American forces blew up three houses in the region, claiming they contained weapons caches. Police Lt. Mohammed Al-Obaidi said a roadside bomb destroyed a U.S. patrol vehicle in the city center at dawn. There was no report of casualties from either the Iraqis or the Americans.In Beiji, 155 miles north of Baghdad, police Capt. Arkan Ali said U.S. troops killed eight Iraqis and wounded six when they opened fire after a roadside bomb hit their patrol, damaging a tank. The U.S. military was checking the report.—Associated Press reporters Abbas Fayadh in Basra and Sue Leeman in London contributed to this report.