States struggle to process Katrina’s refugees
September 4, 2005
HOUSTON – With a shattered New Orleans all but emptied out, an unprecedented refugee crisis unfolded across the country Sunday, as governors and emergency officials struggled to feed, shelter and educate more than a half-million people dispossessed by Hurricane Katrina.In Texas, where nearly a quarter-million refugees have filled the state’s relief centers, Gov. Rick Perry ordered emergency officials to airlift some evacuees to other states willing to take them. Among the states that have offered help are West Virginia, Utah, Oklahoma, Michigan, Iowa, New York, West Virginia and Pennsylvania.”There are shelters set up in other states that are sitting empty while thousands arrive in Texas by the day, if not the hour,” Perry said. “To meet this enormous need, we need help from other states.”Around the country, social service agencies, businesses, volunteer groups, military bases and other refugee shelters rushed to set up procedures to help Katrina’s dispossessed obtain their Social Security checks, receive their medicines, get their mail, find missing relatives and pets, and enroll their youngsters in school.”We want to get the children back in school as quickly as possible, whether they are staying with relatives, or friends or in a shelter,” said Caron Blanton, a spokeswoman for the Mississippi Department of Education. Mississippi, like Alabama, Florida, Texas and other states, has pledged to open its schools to displaced children and waive normal entry requirements like immunization records and proof of residency.In Fort Chaffee, Ark., relief workers turned the post where Elvis Presley entered the Army in 1958 into a processing center for refugees. There, the homeless were registered by the Social Security Administration, checked by doctors and given post office boxes.
Marion Landry, 84, held onto the walker of her sister, Fay Roberts, 81, as the bedraggled pair went through the registration process. They appreciated the need for paperwork – but really wanted a shower.”I’ve worn the same set of clothes for three days,” said Roberts. “My hair is sweaty. I don’t look like this. Normally I’m very nice.”Meanwhile, a military base near Battle Creek, Mich., was transforming itself into a welcome station.Up to 500 evacuees were headed for the Fort Custer Training Center, where volunteer cooks were readying meals at a mess hall normally for National Guard and military personnel from Ohio, Illinois and Indiana. Tables were stacked with towels, toiletries, T-shirts and other clothing and essentials. Medical personnel stood by to help, and clergy and attorneys were on call.Michigan Gov. Jennifer Granholm said she would welcome the refugees stay permanently, if they wished. “Michigan is going to welcome these victims, these evacuees, with open arms and show them some Northern hospitality,” she said.The National Center for Missing & Exploited Children, at the government’s request, announced a hot line and Web site dedicated to reuniting family members separated by the storm. By noon Monday, people will be able to get help at 1-888-544-5475 or at http://www.missingkids.com.
In New Mexico, Gov. Bill Richardson declared a state of emergency and released about $1 million to help victims of Hurricane Katrina as the first of up to 6,000 evacuees arrived Sunday. He also relaxed certain state transportation rules to speed up the building of temporary housing for the hurricane victims.Refugees also began arriving in Arizona, which has agreed to take up to 2,500. They were greeted on the runway by Phoenix Mayor Phil Gordon.Several people had to be helped off the plane and down the stairway to the tarmac, where pink, yellow, teal and black flip-flops had been set out for them.Then, carrying garbage bags, backpacks and brown, shopping bags with their last belongings, the evacuees were led into the airport for physicals before boarding buses to the Veterans Memorial Coliseum.”We’ll take care of them,” Gordon said. “We’ll make sure they know that the city cares.”In Denver, Qwest Communications set up a bank of at least 50 phones at a processing center so refugees could call their loved ones. Colorado state Rep. Debbie Stafford said she was trying to arrange long-term shelter, and also reunite some of the people with their cats and dogs.
State and local officials in Texas, Tennessee, Georgia and other states with a refugee influx began setting up programs to link refugees with employers. Business owners are trying to help, too.In Richland, Miss., a fast-food restaurant hung fliers offering jobs at a shelter. A steel company sent employees to a shelter at the Mississippi Coliseum in Jackson to recruit new workers. And Craigslist, the Internet-based classified advertising service, was filled with job offers for victims willing to relocate.Pene Long, who owns a spa in Richland, said she had given a stylist’s job to a woman whose home in Biloxi was devastated. Long said she was going to hire nine more displaced people.”I was getting ready to put a big ad in the paper, and I said, ‘Why would I do that?’ There are tons of people out here looking for work,” she said.Vail, Colorado