Those who were homeless before Katrina feel forgotten
WASHINGTON – Freddie Walker – late of New Orleans, now an evacuee living at the D.C. Armory – cannot describe his gratitude for all the things Washington area residents have done for him. Through various donors, he has received a $350 gift card, tickets to Nationals games, a shopping spree at Wal-Mart. Best of all, on Wednesday, he began work on a local construction crew. “They have been so good to me,” Walker, 42, a former baker, said of the outpouring of gifts and concern. “I guess maybe they look at what happened to us and think it could’ve been them.”
Everybody, it seems, wants to help Walker and thousands of other hurricane survivors who were stripped of everything they owned. The images of grief and destruction – so vividly brought into homes by television – have moved people to tears and to action, natural responses to a catastrophe of such proportions, according to scholars who study the subject. But this eager generosity toward Katrina victims also offers a contrast to American society’s general inattention to other homeless people, say these scholars and advocates for the poor. “What crises do is bring out this human instinct for compassion and the desire to help – what can you do? … Why don’t we care about ongoing poverty? It seems to me it is much more abstract. ‘The poor are always with us, it’s such a big problem.’ You feel like you can do something when there is a crisis,” said Elizabeth Boris, director of the Center on Nonprofits and Philanthropy at the Urban Institute. The element of worthiness – or lack of it – is also at work.
“Certainly a piece of this is the attribution of blame, that Katrina victims are unlucky, they were living in the wrong place at the wrong time,” said Sam Marullo, chairman of the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at Georgetown University. “The institutional poor we have here in D.C. and every other city around the country, there is a sense that they are at fault … they didn’t do something right, they didn’t get an education, they didn’t follow the rules.” Advocates say the homeless have noticed – and many resent – the difference in perception and treatment. “Local homeless people are saying, ‘Nobody cares about us – we were here all the time,’ ” said Imagene Stewart, who has 17 homeless families from the area at her House of Imagene in Northwest Washington. “For Katrina people, they find money. We’ve been out here begging for years.”
An estimated 15,000 homeless people live in the Washington region, a number that has been growing by about 6 percent a year, said Terry Lynch, executive director of the Downtown Cluster of Congregations. Major increases in housing and rental costs have come when funding for anti-poverty programs is tighter than ever, he said. “We are not that dissimilar from a New Orleans in terms of having that entrenched poverty,” he said. Several homeless people have put their concerns on public display, in a small encampment on a corner of 15th Street NW near McPherson Square. Propped up against a grocery cart filled with clothing is a big sign that says, “Mayor Williams, Help Our Homeless First!!!” “We’re all a paycheck away from disaster, and I feel for those Katrina people,” said Andrew Davis, 41, a homeless man who was sitting in a folding chair at the site. “But the homeless people in this city are treated like second-class citizens. What does that say about our nation’s capital? Something’s wrong with this picture.”Vail Colorado