Thunderstorms, not foam, spoil first shuttle launch in a year |

Thunderstorms, not foam, spoil first shuttle launch in a year

Marcia Dunn

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – The fretting about Discovery’s liftoff focused on foam insulation covering its fuel tank. But in the end, poor weather scotched Saturday’s much-anticipated space shuttle launch and threatened to spoil the next attempt on Sunday.Thunderstorms forced NASA to call off the launch of the first shuttle flight in a year. Clouds drifted in from storms 30 miles to the west and carried electrical charges that could trigger lightning if the spacecraft flew through or near them.”We were dealing with it all day long,” launch director Mike Leinbach said. “We played it until the end, then we ended up scrubbing, and we’re going to try again tomorrow.”NASA has just five minutes each day to launch Discovery to the international space station. Liftoff time on Sunday was set for 3:26 p.m. EDT.”It wasn’t our time today,” shuttle commander Steven Lindsey radioed from the cockpit. “We’ll launch when we’re ready and, hopefully, tomorrow will look better.”The delay was a disappointment for NASA, which last flew the shuttle last July and was eager to get flights to the international space station back on track. Among the space agency’s guests at the launch were Vice President Dick Cheney and several members of Congress.”It’s a great program and it’s important that we keep going and keep our space program going,” said Cheney, who was accompanied by his wife, Lynne, and three of their grandchildren. The family got to see shuttle Atlantis up-close in the hangar.The only technical problem that arose during the countdown Saturday was a failed heater for one of Discovery’s thrusters, needed to keep the fuel from freezing. Mission managers decided to proceed with the launch, since the thruster was not needed during liftoff, and work around the problem in orbit.As it has since the Columbia disaster, the overriding concern remained the foam insulation on the external fuel tank.NASA Administrator Michael Griffin decided to proceed with the 12-day mission despite the concerns of two top agency managers who wanted additional foam repairs.Bryan O’Connor, the top safety officer, and chief engineer Christopher Scolese recommended two weeks ago that the shuttle remain grounded until design changes are made to 34 areas on the fuel tank known as ice-frost ramps. These wedge-shaped pieces of foam insulate brackets on the tank that hold long pressurization lines in place. The intent is to keep ice or frost from forming on the metal brackets once the tank is filled with super-cold fuel.”We now have a NASA in which senior officials feel free to discuss and debate openly complex, difficult and subtle technical topics that affect the flight,” Griffin told The Associated Press on Saturday. “No matter what decision I made, I would have been disappointing somebody.”Griffin noted that the foam is important – “shame on us that we didn’t realize it before” the Columbia tragedy. But he stressed that it is hardly the only thing that poses a flight risk.If foam came off and struck Discovery, causing serious damage, the seven astronauts could move into the space station and await a rescue by shuttle Atlantis. But that would be risky, too, and something NASA would try to avoid if at all possible.—On the Net:NASA:

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