Eagle County wildfire mitigation coordinator offers local residents advice on protecting homes
July 24, 2018
Eric Lovgren has became one of the most popular people in the Roaring Fork Valley this month.
The Eagle County Wildfire Mitigation Coordinator's advice on how homeowners can shore up their property to make it less susceptible to wildfire is suddenly in high demand because of the Lake Christine fire.
"When smoke's in the air," Lovgren said, "that's the best time to get people's attention."
There is no shortage of work for him. The vast majority of homes in the Roaring Fork Valley portion of Eagle County are in the wildland-urban interface — where forest land meets development — or the intermix area, where homes are surrounded by the woods.
But by undertaking mitigation on homes and surrounding landscape, property owners can reduce their wildfire hazard. Eagle County has required owners of new construction or exterior remodels to comply with wildfire regulations for about the past 15 years. Lovgren examines properties to determine if they are in a low, moderate or high wildfire hazard area, then he comes up with the appropriate battle plan. Most land being developed these days has a high hazard rating.
"The low hanging fruit is gone," Lovgren said.
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He advises what steps must be taken to mitigate wildfire — the higher the hazard, the more the steps. Construction in the high hazard area, for example, requires use of non-combustible or fire-resistive exterior materials. Certificates of occupancy aren't issued until Lovgren deems properties compliant.
The owners of structures built prior to the more stringent rules can voluntarily seek Lovgren's advice.
Participants in the Real Fire program get a certificate showing that they complied with the wildfire mitigation recommendations. Those certificates can be presented to insurers to try to get a lower premium price.
Lovgren scanned the Lake Christine fire burn area from Missouri Heights last week to assess the effectiveness of mitigation efforts.
"You see an evident difference where mitigation took place," he said while on a tour of El Jebel and the east side of Missouri Heights one recent afternoon.
He pointed to mitigation projects big and small. On the lower slopes of Basalt Mountain, there was a prescribed burn earlier this decade and mechanical removal of some of the thick, decadent vegetation. The significant patch of ground was largely left alone by the Lake Christine fire. The wildfire burned right next to it but couldn't advance through it.
In the valley floor, vegetation was removed in 2004-05 undertaken by the U.S. Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management on federal lands adjacent to the El Jebel Mobile Home Park. That work may have played a role in slowing the fire as it raged down the ridge July 4, giving the firefighters a better chance to make a stand, Lovgren said.
In the Blue Creek Overlook neighborhood of lower Missouri Heights, Lovgren showed how the fire burned right to the property line of a few homes but didn't encroach on the islands of green, watered lawns. The homes there are deemed in high hazard, but they undertook appropriate mitigation, Lovgren said.
He focuses on landscaping within 200 feet of a structure, which he calls the "home ignition zone." The area doesn't have to be denuded of vegetation, as many people fear, he said. The pinion and juniper trees outside the lawn were spaced out so they weren't touching, and the lower limbs had been removed to lessen the chance of fire on the ground climbing up.
"When it's done correctly, it's super effective," Lovgren said.
Tall, dead grasses were removed from the fences. Pebbles were used for landscaping rather than bark or cedar chips.
Lovgren recommends getting rid of cedar shake roofs and using fire resistant exterior materials in high-hazard areas. It's important that eaves don't have gaps where a spark can enter and lead to fire. Metal flashing is recommended at ground level so flames can't snake up behind stucco or paneling.
One recent day he met with Nancy Bobrow, president of the Aspen Mountain View subdivision's homeowners' association, to advise how their pool area and community center could be more fire wise. That was a particularly active day for the Lake Christine fire, so a column of smoke was rising high into the atmosphere to the east while Lovgren conferred with Bobrow. Eventually a medium-sized tanker started dropping retardant on thick timber a couple of miles away.
Lovgren advised Bobrow to have oak branches overhanging the pool house cut back and "the little stuff that acts as kindling" cleaned up. That includes leaf litter, grass and dead twigs and branches.
A tennis court acts as a good firebreak, but the water pump building has too much tall grass too close. It should be mowed 30 feet out to a height of six inches, according to Lovgren.
Bobrow said there are 78 homes in Aspen Mountain View with eight undeveloped lots. She is urging homeowners who built before Eagle County implemented its Real Fire program to get an assessment from Lovgren or the Basalt Fire Department and take the steps to improve their property. The Lake Christine fire, so visible to homeowners in the subdivision, will likely produce some momentum to take steps.
"It's the old come-to-Jesus moment," Bobrow said.
Lovgren said Sopris Village subdivision and part of Willits are among the few areas of Eagle County in the Roaring Fork Valley that have a low hazard of wildfire. Most of the areas has a moderate hazard and some of it high.
"You could have fire in Basalt right down to Midland Avenue," he said.