Vail Daily column: Reverse mortgages can be used to purchase a home
Many homeowners over age 62 find that they want to downsize, and may have a substantial amount of equity in their current home when they cash out. At that point, they often are also facing the dilemma of should they pay cash (and tie up liquidity) but not have a mortgage check to write or should they take out a loan and face mortgage payments on what will likely be a reduced income after they retire.
There is a solution that can work well for many people, and that is a reverse mortgage to purchase a home with. Many are familiar with the concept of reverse mortgages to stay in the current home, but a lot of people don’t realize a reverse can be a good financial tool for planning your retirement.
Funding the Balance
In general, a reverse mortgage does not require principal and interest payments. On a purchase, the borrower brings a sizeable down payment (usually 45-55 percent) and the reverse mortgage funds the balance of the purchase price. The amount one can borrow is determined by the age of the youngest borrower.
After the purchase closes, the interest on the outstanding balance accrues monthly and the loan balance grows over the years. Depending on the down payment, the borrower might be able to access some of the equity over the years either through a monthly stipend or a line of credit.
When the borrower either sells, dies, moves to a new home or can no longer live in the home for a 12-month period due to health reasons the loan is due, and the borrower, the heir or the estate have differing options.
If the borrower is still alive or the heirs have no interest in keeping the home, then it is sold and the loan and accrued balance are paid off. If there are not enough proceeds, then the lender and FHA (all conventional reverse loans are insured by FHA) takes the hit and there is no recourse against the borrower or his estate. If one borrower dies and the spouse or partner is still alive, then they may continue living in the home provided they were on the original loan. If they were not on the loan to begin with, then it is possible that the home may still have to be sold to satisfy the debt, however there are numerous court cases right now contesting that and it remains to be seen how that shakes out.
If the borrower and his spouse or partner are both deceased, then their heirs may have the option of purchasing the home at 95 percent of the appraised value if there is more owed than might be realized from a sale.
Recently, I ran the numbers for a couple who had both just turned 70. They would get about $500,000 from the sale of their current home and were looking at a townhome for about $500,000. If they put about half down ($250,000), then they could get a reverse mortgage for the balance, and have not house payments. If they put $350,000 down, then they could also get a line of credit for $100,000 to access as needed.
Borrowers do have to make tax, insurance and HOA payments out of their own pockets. Under new rules adopted recently, they must show the ability and resources to make those. There is no real income test or requirement, but rather a formula is used combining liquid assets and income to determine qualifications. Those with a higher income require fewer liquid assets to qualify and those with more liquid assets require less income.
Reverse mortgages are fairly lenient on credit standards, but the borrower must show a willingness to pay bills. If there was a large medical collection or previous foreclosure or bankruptcy tied to a job loss or health event, then it would likely be overlooked. A chronic history of late pays when the borrower had the ability to pay would likely be cause for scrutiny.
Chris Neuswanger is a loan originator at Macro Financial Group in Avon and may be reached at 970-748-0342. He welcomes mortgage related inquiries from readers. His blog and a collection of his columns may be found at http://www.mtnmortgageguy.com.